Diabetes Basics

EMS Training

by mobrian on June 9, 2009

Diabetes is a disease that, at its most basic, is the body not producing enough insulin or is unable to use the insulin it has properly.

By Alan Ramsey

Let’s start with the key player, Insulin, it is the hormone needed for the body to convert food, sugars and starches mainly, into energy.  An easy way to look at it is to see insulin as the key that allows the sugars (glucose) into the cells.  Without it the glucose level in the blood will be high and the available glucose in the cells will be low.  Without the key the glucose can’t enter the cells.  As we will see this shifts the whole body out of balance.

Statistically speaking, approximately 18 million adults and children have been diagnosed.  While another 5.7 million are unaware that they too have diabetes, bringing the total over 23 million people with diabetes.

Diagnosis is [click to continue…]

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Part II, Related Cold Weather Injuries

Make sure you have read part I of this II part series first!

Cold weather injuries can occur even if temperatures are above freezing.  Some of the more common are Chilblains, frostbite and trench foot


Chilblains is a common cold related injury.  It may develop several hours after exposure to the cold.  They are painful, itchy, red to purple areas of swelling usually affecting the fingers, toes, nose and ears; but can be seen on other areas of the body.  Occasionally blisters and small sores will be seen in some individuals but not always.  These lesions can take several weeks to heal and the area can remain sensitive to cold.  If found, cover the area with a dry sterile dressing and address re-warming the patient.

Frostbite is the [click to continue…]


Hypothermia and Other Cold Weather Injuries

January 22, 2009

Hypothermia at its most simple is when you are losing heat faster than you can generate it. It’s simple math that applies across the spectrum of ages. Some groups are more susceptible than others, the very young or old, diabetics and those with peripheral vascular disease just to name a few. For most it isn’t a serious threat, but it can be deadly.

As we are all aware it is not always possible to stay inside on these cold winter days. For those who must brave the elements there are some simple precautions that can help us stay safe and as warm as possible.

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National EMS Education Standards and QAAP Affect Fire Service

December 29, 2008

A Guest Post By Chief Bill Forbush, Garden City Fire Department Recently, many EMS providers have attended regional meeting with state health officials to discuss a number of pressing issues, including the National EMS Education Standards. The standards were developed by a committee of the National Association of EMS Educators (NAEMSE) under contract to the […]

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